The first World Social Forum on Migration came into being on January 2005 in Porte Alegre, Brazil. Held a few days before the fifth World Social Forum that took place in the same city, 600 participants from 35 countries discussed the notion of “universal citizenship” and how migrants might use it to stand up for their rights. Having the theme "Sailing across global disorder,” a diagnosis was made of the neoliberal model, locating the causes of migration flows in the current economic paradigm. It was an articulation of the academic practices and specialized research centers, with action repertoires of social movements.
Servico Pastoral dos Migrantes (SPM) organized the first WSFM.